Author: redsaf

Health refers to an individual’s emotional, mental and physical well-being. Healthcare exists to help people stay healthy and cope with the effects of disease, illness or injury. Health is also a key factor in managing stress and achieving a balanced lifestyle. In 1948, the World Health Organization (WHO) defined health as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” This definition has since become a foundation for the organization’s work. However, a simple definition of health does not always suffice for understanding how health works and the factors that determine it. The prevailing negative conception of health is not adequate in an era marked by rapid advances in our understanding of disease processes at molecular and personal levels, and the knowledge that it may never be possible to achieve risk-free wellbeing. The concept of allostasis provides a more appropriate framework for understanding health and disease. This theory defines health as the ability to adapt to environmental stresses and defines disease as a loss of this adaptive capacity. This new perspective on health is the basis of a growing body of scientific research and offers a more principled, holistic view of human health than the traditional, mechanistic approach that underpins many medical practices today. A person’s health is determined by a complex interaction of genetic, biological, social and environmental factors. Some of these factors are within the control of the individual, such as choices they make about their lifestyle and habits. However, others are not. For example, a genetic tendency towards a disease can be triggered by an environmental factor, such as exposure to an infectious organism. It is therefore difficult to achieve a universally agreed definition of health, as it depends on each individual’s assessment of their own situation and their own preferences and values. These assessments are shaped throughout life by the influence of parents, friends, teachers, the media, laws and one’s own past experiences and life course. Changing the position of health on these scales would require efforts not only to remove diseases and diminish risk factors but also to change the values of society as a whole. The definition of health a person has may be influenced by the place it occupies on the scale of values that they have established for themselves, which can be influenced by many factors, including the quality of healthcare available, and the extent to which people value their own health and the importance they attach to preventing disease. A high esteem for health will lead to people undertaking whatever they need to do to promote it, including seeking treatment for illness and taking preventive measures. The result is that health becomes a normal part of daily living. This is an ideal that can be achieved, but it is not a task for the healthcare sector alone to undertake. It needs the full involvement of everyone in the community.

Read More

Pharmacy is the science and practice of discovering, producing, preparing, dispensing, and monitoring medications to ensure safe, effective, and affordable treatment. The practice of pharmacy is unique because it links health sciences with pharmaceutical sciences and natural sciences. Pharmacists are licensed health care professionals who work in pharmacies, hospitals, clinics, medical offices, universities, and governmental facilities to fill prescriptions and help patients with questions about medication and side effects. They also play an important role in drug research and development. While people have been using plants and other natural substances as medicines for thousands of years, professional pharmacy began to emerge in the mid-nineteenth century. Pharmacy is now a complex and specialized field that requires extensive training and knowledge of both the scientific and medical aspects of drugs and their proper use. Pharmacy is a demanding career that may require long hours, including evenings and weekends. It’s important for anyone considering a career as a pharmacist to think through their motivations carefully and be sure that this is the right path for them. In addition, individuals interested in pharmacy should be aware of the educational and licensing requirements in their state. As a pharmacy student, you will likely need to have a high school diploma or equivalent and complete college-level courses in chemistry, biology, mathematics, and physics. You’ll then need to graduate from an accredited pharmacy school and pass both the North American Pharmacist Licensure Examination (NAPLEX) and the Multistate Pharmacy Jurisprudence Examination (MPJE). After you’ve passed these exams, you can become licensed by your state board of pharmacy. Pharmacy students often participate in experiential education, which means that they work in health care settings alongside experienced pharmacists. This can expose them to more health risks than a typical university student. Therefore, all OHSU pharmacy students are required to have high-quality health insurance or request a waiver if they already have coverage that meets the necessary criteria. You can learn more about the OHSU student health insurance program and waiver criteria on the student health insurance website.

Read More

Cancer is a disease that develops when cells grow and multiply out of control. It can affect any part of the body, and there are more than 100 different types of cancer. Different types of cancer start in different tissues and organs. Cancer treatments may include surgery, radiation and chemotherapy. They can also include changes in your diet and exercise. A person’s genetic code provides the instructions that tell cells when to grow and die. If a gene mutates, causing the instructions to become distorted, that person may be at higher risk of developing cancer. Mutations can occur randomly or be passed down from parents. Some genes have a more protective effect against cancer than others. All cancers begin when some cells in the body become abnormal and start to divide without stopping. This process happens millions of times each day. Then the resulting new cells can grow and spread into other parts of the body. Eventually, the cells form a lump of tissue called a tumor. Cancer can cause severe pain, loss of mobility, and death. The earliest sense of the word “cancer” dates back millennia. In the early 19th century, doctors noticed that some tissues in the body seemed to grow and spread out of control. Today, scientists know that cancer is the result of mutations in DNA and changes in other cells’ normal controls. Cancer cells also change their own structure and function. Normally, when one cell in the body starts growing out of control, other cells will stop that growth by sending signals that tell the cell to either stop growing or die (a process known as programmed cell death or apoptosis). Cancer cells ignore these signals and continue to grow. They can also escape from their original tissue and invade other areas of the body. As cancer cells grow and expand, they can crowd out normal cells. This disrupts organs and body functions and causes pain, inflammation, and cancer-related syndromes like cachexia. Cancers can also disrupt families and relationships. Cancers can be prevented by eating a healthy diet and getting plenty of exercise. People can cut their risk of certain cancers by not smoking and limiting their alcohol intake. A diet high in fruits, vegetables and whole grains can help prevent some cancers. Avoiding red and processed meats can reduce the risk of other cancers. A person should try to get at least 150 minutes of moderate or 75 minutes of vigorous activity each week. Taking a walk, going on a bike ride or playing pickle ball a few times a week can help. Natural selection is the process that gives rise to heritable variations within a population, including those associated with cancer. The emergence and evolution of heritable traits in cancer cells is why it’s important to include “natural selection” as a defining characteristic of cancer.

Read More

Medical is a broad term that encompasses the science and art of healing. It can also refer to a patient’s condition or a medical journal article about one. The science of medicine is constantly evolving. Throughout the centuries, physicians have improved upon or disproved the theories of their predecessors in order to improve patient care and advance medical knowledge. This reexamination of traditional authority, which is reflected in the titles of Materia Medica and Pharmacopeia, has helped create the modern healthcare system we know today. There are 30,000 medical journals published worldwide. Some, like The New England Journal of Medicine and JAMA, are household names. The National Library of Medicine maintains an online database called PubMed that allows people to search for medical research studies on a variety of diseases, illnesses, injuries, and treatments. The primary audience for medical journals are doctors, scientists, and medical students. However, anyone with an interest in the subject matter can read a medical journal if they have access to a library with subscriptions to these publications or through a paid subscription to a service such as Medline Plus. Mastering the vocabulary of the medical field can be a daunting task for future healthcare workers, especially those who plan to work in the clinical side of the industry, such as a medical sonographer or magnetic resonance imaging technologist. There are thousands of medical terms related to anatomy, conditions, diseases, and surgical procedures. Some, such as osteochondrodysplasia, are practically unpronounceable. But understanding how to break down and pronounce medical terminology will help future healthcare professionals understand this specialized language better. Medical terms are derived from ancient Greek and Latin roots. Those roots can be broken down into recognizable components, making it easier to remember and understand the words. For instance, the word integumentary system can be broken down to its components: skin, musculoskeletal, and urinary. The combining vowel in each of these word parts is important because it distinguishes these types of terms from others, such as the respiratory or gastrointestinal systems. Medical journal articles can be categorized into several different departments, each with its own style and audience. Some articles are clinical vignettes, describing specific patient cases and outcomes. Other articles are more research-based and include randomized controlled trials. Still others are systematic reviews, which use an organized method to find, bring together, and evaluate a set of research studies on a particular topic. Other article types are editorials and commentary pieces. The key is to match your manuscript to the correct department to maximize its potential for publication.

Read More

Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. It is a concept that has evolved from a medical view of disease and treatment to a more holistic notion of health that encompasses individual and community action, behavior change, and social support to promote healthy lifestyles and prevent diseases or injuries. Many things can affect health, ranging from the environmental to the genetic. Some of these factors are under the individual’s control, such as smoking or drinking too much, while others are beyond his or her direct control, such as inherited diseases. Many people also believe that a person’s life-style can significantly affect his or her level of wellness, and that it is possible to achieve a higher level of health by adopting certain lifestyle habits. In the past, health was often viewed as synonymous with good nutrition and regular exercise. In addition, some cultures regarded their sturdiest members as those who had the most children and did not suffer from diseases such as cancer or tuberculosis. However, the definition of health has changed with new insights into disease processes at molecular and cellular levels. Health, as a concept of total well-being, has emerged as a result of these developments and has become the basis for public health policy. There is now more emphasis on prevention of disease by avoiding risk factors such as smoking, high-fat diets, and excessive stress. Health and wellness are also related to a person’s social and spiritual activities, and the ability to adapt to changing environments and internal or external circumstances. In addition, the 2010 Global Burden of Disease study provides keys for quantifiable health metrics by developing statistical tools for calculating healthy life expectancy. As health promotion has gained ground, the focus of health research has moved away from a negative concept of disease to one that includes an understanding of the dynamics of pathogenesis at both the microbiological and socioeconomic levels. This shift is reflected in the constitution of the World Health Organization, which states that “health is a state of well being and not merely the absence of disease or sickness.” As with finding great ideas for articles, it’s important to spend time carefully considering what kind of format you want your article to take. Is it a short news piece, an in-depth feature, or maybe a profile of a researcher studying a particular disease? It’s a big step to make, but doing this will help you to focus your ideas and to come up with an article that will really connect with your audience.

Read More

Dalam dunia judi online, terdapat banyak sekali variasi permainan yang menarik untuk dinikmati oleh para penggemar taruhan. Salah satu jenis permainan yang paling populer adalah judi bola dan judi parlay. Kedua permainan tersebut menawarkan pengalaman taruhan yang seru dan menegangkan, terutama bagi para pecinta olahraga sepakbola. Judi euro, situs judi bola, judi bola terpercaya, dan link judi bola menjadi kata kunci penting yang harus dipahami untuk mendapatkan pengalaman berjudi yang positif. Dengan adanya berbagai situs judi bola online terpercaya dan agen judi bola yang handal, para pemain dapat menikmati taruhan bola online dengan nyaman dan aman. Selain itu, judi bola parlay juga memberikan kesempatan untuk para pemain memperoleh keuntungan besar dengan menebak hasil pertandingan dari beberapa tim sekaligus. Dengan mengikuti panduan dan tips bermain judi parlay, pemain dapat meningkatkan peluang kemenangan mereka dan meraih kesuksesan dalam dunia taruhan online. Strategi Bertaruh di Judi Bola Untuk mencapai kesuksesan dalam dunia judi bola online dan parlay, penting untuk memiliki strategi bertaruh yang matang. Salah satu strategi yang efektif adalah melakukan riset yang mendalam terkait tim-tim yang akan bertanding. Mengetahui statistik, performa terkini, dan kondisi pemain dapat membantu Anda membuat keputusan taruhan yang lebih tepat. Selain itu, manajemen bankroll yang baik juga merupakan kunci penting dalam strategi bertaruh. Tetapkan batasan taruhan yang sesuai dengan kemampuan finansial Anda dan hindari bertaruh dengan jumlah yang melebihi kemampuan Anda. Dengan mengelola bankroll secara bijaksana, Anda dapat mengurangi risiko kerugian yang besar. Terakhir, penting untuk tetap disiplin dan tidak terpancing emosi saat bertaruh. Jangan tergoda untuk mengambil risiko lebih tinggi hanya karena tindakan impulsif. Tetaplah tenang, pertimbangkan keputusan taruhan dengan rasional, dan selalu ingat bahwa konsistensi dan kesabaran adalah kunci utama dalam mencapai sukses dalam dunia judi bola online dan parlay. Keuntungan Bermain di Situs Judi Terpercaya Bermain di situs judi bola online terpercaya memberikan keuntungan bagi para pemain. Keamanan dan privasi menjadi prioritas utama di situs tersebut, sehingga para pemain dapat merasa tenang dan aman saat melakukan taruhan. Selain itu, situs judi terpercaya juga menjamin kenyamanan para pemain dengan menyediakan pelayanan customer service yang responsif dan profesional. Ketepatan dalam pembayaran kemenangan adalah hal penting yang dijamin oleh situs judi bola terpercaya. Para pemain tidak perlu khawatir tentang kelancaran proses pencairan dana kemenangan mereka. judi bola Kepercayaan terhadap situs judi bola terpercaya juga meningkat dengan adanya pelayanan pelanggan yang selalu siap membantu pemain dalam menyelesaikan berbagai masalah terkait dengan taruhan. Selain itu, situs judi terpercaya juga menyediakan berbagai bonus dan promo menarik bagi para pemain setia mereka. Hal ini menambah kesempatan para pemain untuk memperoleh keuntungan lebih besar dan meningkatkan semangat dalam bermain judi bola online dan parlay. Tips Menang di Judi Parlay Ada beberapa tips yang dapat meningkatkan peluang Anda untuk menang dalam judi parlay. Pertama, penting untuk melakukan riset terlebih dahulu sebelum menempatkan taruhan. Pahami statistik tim, performa pemain, dan faktor lain yang dapat memengaruhi hasil pertandingan. Selain itu, selalu kendalikan emosi dan jangan terpancing untuk melakukan taruhan berlebihan. Disiplin dalam menentukan strategi taruhan akan membantu Anda mengelola risiko dengan lebih baik sehingga dapat meraih hasil yang lebih konsisten. Terakhir, manfaatkan informasi dari sumber yang terpercaya dan tidak ragu untuk menggunakan prediksi atau tips dari pakar judi bola. Dengan mengombinasikan pengetahuan dan analisis yang tepat, Anda dapat meningkatkan keberhasilan taruhan parlay Anda.

Read More

A pharmacy is a store that sells medicinal products and provides advice about their use. The products sold are usually medications and healthcare supplements, although they may also include toiletries and cosmetics. Some pharmacies are based in hospitals or medical centres, while others are standalone retail outlets. In most countries, pharmacists are licensed to dispense medications and advice. They are often required to take part in continuous professional development. This is to ensure that they are up to date on new medicines and their interactions with other drugs and health conditions. In some cases, a pharmacist may advise a patient on lifestyle factors such as diet and exercise. This advice is often based on research in addition to their professional knowledge of the medicines they stock. In the 1950s, the role of a pharmacist changed with the advent of science-based education in pharmacy schools. Pharmaceutics, medicinal chemistry and pharmacology were established as the foundation sciences for education. This was done to deemphasize apprenticeship training and make pharmacy a true science-based profession. Many people have questions about how to take their medication and what side effects they might experience. In this case, it is essential that the pharmacist be informed and able to provide clear guidance. A good way to do this is through a video consultation system. In addition, a virtual pharmacy can offer other services such as translation and multilingual support. This can help people from different cultural backgrounds understand the information provided and make the right choices for their medication. The emergence of the Internet as a medium for business has led to the creation of online pharmacies. These sites can be accessed via desktop computers, laptops and mobile phones. They offer a range of benefits, including convenience and security. They are also regulated and backed by the pharmaceutical industry. In the United States, for example, the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) regulates these sites. There are some concerns about online pharmacies, including the risk of counterfeit drugs and unlicensed pharmacies. Some of these sites have been found to charge suspiciously low prices for medicines. They also lack a physical address, making it difficult to verify their legitimacy. In addition, some of these sites are known to be scams. In a digital age, a virtual pharmacy can offer services that are more convenient for patients. For example, they can offer a free, secure online consultation service. This allows the pharmacist to communicate with patients remotely without having to travel to their local pharmacy or hospital. This helps to reduce costs and improve patient outcomes. It can also provide a valuable tool to enhance the efficiency of staff in hospitals, clinics and other medical environments. This is especially important for remote regions where staff can be scarce. However, it is crucial to note that the virtual pharmacy must work closely with onsite teams to avoid disruptions and to ensure patients get the best possible care.

Read More

Dalam dunia perjudian online, slot demo telah menjadi pilihan populer bagi para pemain yang ingin mencoba permainan tanpa harus mengeluarkan uang sungguhan. Dengan adanya slot demo gratis, pemain dapat merasakan sensasi bermain slot online tanpa perlu khawatir akan kehilangan dana. Berbagai jenis slot demo tersedia secara online, mulai dari yang dikembangkan oleh Pragmatic Play hingga PG Soft, sehingga pemain memiliki banyak pilihan untuk mencoba peruntungan mereka. Slot demo tidak hanya menawarkan kesenangan bermain tanpa risiko finansial, tetapi juga memperkenalkan pemain pada fitur-fitur dan mekanisme gameplay yang disediakan oleh pengembang permainan. Dengan mencoba slot demo, pemain dapat menguji strategi permainan mereka sebelum memutuskan untuk memasang taruhan dengan uang sungguhan. Dengan demikian, slot demo memberikan pengalaman bermain yang lebih interaktif dan mendidik bagi para pemain. Cara Bermain Slot Demo Gratis Untuk mulai bermain slot demo gratis, langkah pertama yang perlu Anda lakukan adalah mencari situs web yang menyediakan layanan demo slot. Pastikan untuk memilih platform terpercaya dan aman yang menawarkan berbagai pilihan permainan slot demo. Setelah menemukan situs yang sesuai, Anda dapat langsung mencari game slot demo dari penyedia seperti Pragmatic Play atau PG Soft. Pilihlah permainan yang menarik dan sesuai dengan preferensi Anda sebelum memulai putaran. Selama bermain slot demo gratis, Anda dapat mengasah keterampilan dan strategi tanpa harus mempertaruhkan uang sungguhan. Manfaatkan kesempatan ini untuk merasakan sensasi bermain slot online tanpa tekanan finansial. Keuntungan Bermain Demo Slot Bermain demo slot online membawa berbagai keuntungan yang tidak dapat diabaikan. Slot demo memberikan kesempatan kepada pemain untuk mencoba berbagai jenis permainan tanpa harus mengeluarkan uang sungguhan. Dengan demikian, pemain dapat mengasah keterampilan dan strategi mereka tanpa risiko kehilangan modal. Selain itu, slot demo juga memungkinkan pemain untuk merasakan sensasi bermain game slot tanpa tekanan. Pengalaman bermain tanpa risiko keuangan ini dapat memberikan ketenangan pikiran dan membuat pemain merasa lebih santai dan fokus saat bermain slot online. demo slot Dengan adanya fitur demo slot, pemain juga dapat mengeksplorasi berbagai jenis permainan dan fitur yang ditawarkan oleh penyedia slot online tanpa harus langsung melakukan deposit. Hal ini memungkinkan pemain untuk memilih permainan yang paling sesuai dengan preferensi dan gaya bermain mereka sebelum memutuskan untuk bermain dengan uang sungguhan. Provider Terbaik untuk Slot Demo Untuk para penggemar slot demo, tentu penting untuk mengetahui provider terbaik yang menyediakan pengalaman bermain yang menarik. Salah satu provider terkemuka adalah Pragmatic Play. Mereka dikenal dengan beragam permainan slot yang inovatif dan grafis yang memukau. Dengan demo slot Pragmatic Play, pengguna dapat menikmati sensasi bermain tanpa harus mengeluarkan uang sungguhan. Selain Pragmatic Play, PG Soft juga merupakan pilihan yang sangat baik untuk mencoba slot demo. Mereka menawarkan berbagai permainan slot yang kreatif dan menarik, dengan fitur-fitur bonus yang menggiurkan. Dengan demo slot PG Soft, pengguna dapat merasakan kegembiraan bermain slot online secara praktis dan mudah. Bergabunglah dengan situs slot online terpercaya yang bekerjasama dengan provider seperti Pragmatic Play dan PG Soft untuk mendapatkan akses ke slot demo terbaik. Dengan banyak pilihan permainan dan pengalaman bermain yang mengasyikkan, Anda dapat menemukan game slot demo yang sesuai dengan preferensi dan keinginan Anda.

Read More

Dalam dunia perjudian online, akun demo slot menjadi salah satu cara paling populer untuk para pemain menjelajahi berbagai permainan tanpa harus mengeluarkan uang sungguhan. Pragmatic Play, salah satu penyedia game terkemuka, memiliki beragam pilihan demo slot yang menarik, termasuk demo slot x500 yang menantang dan menghibur. Dengan bermain demo slot online, pemain dapat merasakan sensasi bermain tanpa risiko kehilangan uang sungguhan, sambil menikmati fitur-fitur seru yang disajikan. Selain demo slot x500, Pragmatic Play juga menawarkan pilihan slot demo zeus, slot demo olympus, dan slot demo gacor yang tidak kalah menariknya. Dari tema klasik hingga tema dewa-dewi Yunani, pemain dapat menemukan variasi permainan yang sesuai dengan selera dan preferensi masing-masing. Dengan slot demo yang tersedia, para pemain dapat melatih strategi, mengasah kemampuan, serta mencari keberuntungan tanpa harus mengeluarkan modal besar. Jadi, jangan ragu untuk menjelajahi dunia slot online yang kaya akan pilihan permainan menarik ini! Keuntungan Akun Demo Slot Dengan akun demo slot, Anda bisa mencoba berbagai permainan dari Pragmatic Play tanpa harus menggunakan uang sungguhan. Ini memungkinkan Anda untuk familiarisasi dengan mekanisme dan fitur-fitur unik dari slot demo x500 secara gratis. Bermain demo slot online juga memberi Anda kesempatan untuk mengasah strategi permainan tanpa risiko kehilangan uang. Dengan slot demo zeus dan demo slot olympus, Anda dapat mencoba berbagai metode taruhan dan melihat mana yang paling cocok dengan gaya permainan Anda. Slot demo gacor juga memungkinkan Anda untuk mengetahui game mana yang memberikan pembayaran lebih tinggi atau fitur bonus yang lebih sering muncul. Dengan demikian, akun demo slot adalah cara yang baik untuk menemukan keberuntungan sebelum mulai bermain dengan uang sungguhan. Pengalaman Bermain Slot Online x500 Bagi pecinta slot online, pengalaman bermain di demo slot x500 dari Pragmatic Play merupakan suatu hal yang sungguh menarik. Dengan fitur x500 yang menggiurkan, para pemain memiliki kesempatan untuk meraih kemenangan besar dalam setiap putaran. Sensasi ketegangan dan kegembiraan ketika melihat gulungan slot berputar dengan potensi hasil kemenangan yang fantastis membuat pengalaman bermain semakin seru. Slot demo Zeus dan slot demo Olympus dari Pragmatic Play juga menyuguhkan pengalaman bermain yang luar biasa. Dengan desain grafis yang memukau dan fitur-fitur bonus yang menarik, pemain dapat terus terhibur dan merasa tertantang untuk terus mencoba keberuntungannya. Pengalaman bermain di demo slot ini tentu akan memberikan sensasi bermain yang begitu memikat dan mengasyikkan. Tak ketinggalan, slot demo gacor juga menjadi pilihan favorit para penggemar slot online. Dengan tingkat kemenangan yang tinggi dan kemungkinan mendapatkan jackpot yang menggiurkan, pengalaman bermain slot gacor akan membuat pemain semakin tergoda untuk terus mencoba peruntungannya. Keseruan dan tantangan dalam setiap putaran slot demo gacor menambah keseruan dalam setiap sesi permainan. Strategi Menang Slot Demo Gacor Untuk meningkatkan peluang menang di slot demo gacor, penting untuk memahami mekanisme permainan tersebut. Mulailah dengan memahami karakteristik dari game slot yang akan dimainkan, termasuk aturan main, simbol khusus, dan mekanisme bonus yang ditawarkan. Selanjutnya, tetaplah disiplin dalam mengelola taruhan Anda. Tetapkan batas maksimal taruhan yang bisa Anda tetapkan sesuai dengan budget yang Anda miliki. Hindari terpancing untuk terus meningkatkan taruhan demi mengejar keberuntungan. Terakhir, jangan lupa untuk selalu bermain dengan sikap tenang dan sabar. https://www.commutefrom.com/ Meskipun keberuntungan bisa berubah-ubah, tetaplah tenang dan jangan tergesa-gesa ketika bermain. Dengan mengikuti strategi ini, Anda dapat meningkatkan kesempatan Anda untuk meraih kemenangan di slot demo gacor.

Read More

Cancer is a disease that starts in cells that grow and multiply out of control. When cancer spreads, it can invade and destroy healthy tissue around it. Cancer is a complex disease, and scientists are constantly researching new ways to treat it. They are working on new medicines that block the blood supply that tumors need to grow, correct genetic defects that cause cancer, and assist the body’s natural defenses in fighting the disease. Cells that have a mutation in their genes may not work properly and start to divide more often than they should or make too many proteins. These cells can then continue to grow and form a mass of abnormal cells called a tumor. Some tumors are benign (not cancer) and do not grow or spread, while others are malignant (cancer). Scientists have found that a person’s chance of getting cancer depends on both genes and their environment. For example, some types of cancer can be caused by viruses, bacteria and parasites, and other environmental factors like ionizing radiation, chemicals and pollutants. A person’s family history of cancer is also a factor. Having a family member with cancer increases the chances that a person will get the disease. This is why it is important to talk to your doctor about your family history of cancer. The most common ways to treat cancer include surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. A person’s doctor will select the treatment that is best for them based on the type of cancer they have, where it is located and how far it has spread. Some types of cancer can be prevented by avoiding tobacco and eating a balanced diet. Regular exercise, especially cardiovascular exercise, is also good for your health and can help reduce your risk of cancer. People who are diagnosed with cancer have many different symptoms. Some of them are pain, weight loss or changes in bowel movements. Other symptoms include fever, cough, breathlessness or swelling of the skin. Cancer can also cause other problems, such as nerve damage that can result in weakness on one side of the body or headaches. Cancer that develops in the brain can sometimes affect thinking and memory and cause headaches and seizures. Cancer cells can escape from a tumor and travel to other parts of the body to grow and spread. This process is called metastasis. In some cases, the cancer cells change so that the immune system no longer recognizes them as a threat and does not fight them. This is a very rare reaction to cancer and is called paraneoplastic syndromes. Other times the cancer cells take over other organs and tissues, such as the bone marrow, where they become cancerous stem cells that can cause leukemia and myelodysplastic syndromes.

Read More